Falls and overuse injuries can leave structural damage that causes painful deformities in your foot and ankle. At his practice in Pearland, Sugar Land, Baytown and Houston, Eugene Stautberg, MD offers comprehensive evaluation and treatment of common foot and ankle deformities, such as flatfoot and high arches, known as cavus foot. Dr. Stautberg creates a custom treatment plan to address your symptoms and prevent additional injuries to your foot and ankle. Schedule a consultation online or by phone to learn more about nonsurgical and surgical treatment options for foot and ankle deformities.
Flatfoot and cavovarus foot are the most common types of foot and ankle deformities.
In flatfoot, also known as posterior tibial tendon insufficiency, the tendon that stabilizes the arch of your foot becomes inflamed or tears. This damage causes the foot to lose its stability and support, resulting in dropped arches and a flatfoot deformity.
The cavovarus foot deformity results from having both a high arch, or cavus, and a heel that turns inward. This can lead to pain on the outside of the foot and ankle.
A flatfoot deformity often results from an acute injury, such as a fall. You can also develop tendon damage due to an overuse or repetitive-use injury, especially if you play sports, such as tennis, soccer, or basketball.
The risk of developing flatfoot increases as you age. Other factors, like obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, can also increase your risk for this type of foot deformity.
In cavovarus cases, the deformity occurs because of an imbalance in the muscles. In many cases, the condition is hereditary. However, if you have other medical conditions, like cerebral palsy, stroke, or a spinal injury, you may be more likely to develop cavovarus foot.
When you develop flatfoot, you may feel persistent pain along the inside of your foot and ankle. Pain often worsens as you increase your activity. If you stand or are on your feet for long periods, you may have trouble walking.
With cavovarus cases, the abnormally high arches may cause you pain when walking or standing. You may also develop noticeable foot issues like:
Over time, high arches may cause chronic weakness and fatigue in your heel and result in chronic pain and difficulty walking. Symptoms of a cavovarus foot may also make it difficult for you to find shoes that fit properly.
If you have flatfoot, Dr. Stautberg may initially recommend nonsurgical treatment that includes over-the-counter pain relievers, cold pack therapy, and sufficient rest for your feet and ankles. He may also suggest wearing orthotic shoe inserts to provide support for your foot.
If these treatments don’t work well for you, you might need reconstructive surgery to repair the damaged tendon and the deformity.
Treatment for a cavovarus foot deformity may involve the use of orthotic shoe inserts to redistribute the pressure on your foot. If the deformity is moderate to severe, you may need corrective surgery.
To learn more about treatment options for foot and ankle deformities, schedule an evaluation with Dr. Stautberg online or by calling the office.